Children discover the world using their 5 senses. They connect to it by absorbing sounds, textures, smells, pictures, tastes, emotions. At a young age, children are incredibly sensitive. Learning occurs naturally when they have an opportunity to utilise as many senses as possible.
In the Montessori classroom, there are several areas of development, one of them is sensorial. Montessori sensorial aims to establish a strong connection between brain and senses in the process of learning, provide a sensory impression. Children learn to differentiate and classificate weight, textures, colours, etc.
“The senses, being explorers of the world, open the way to knowledge. Our apparatus for educating the senses offers the child a key to guide his explorations of the world…” Montessori, M. (1988). The Absorbent Mind
Hands are instruments, through them brain receives important information. It’s no surprise that children LOVE working with hands-on activities. Well, as adults we also gain great satisfaction from things we do with our hands – knitting, playing an instrument, gardening – provide all forms of relaxation and positive stimulation. Every single material designed by Dr. Montessori benefits brain development by engaging children’s hands – from the Pink tower to the Stamp game, children learn by handling manipulatives.
Our Montessori classroom often gets transferred outdoors. It is one of the most exciting aspects of our Montessori home schooling program. I try to use similar concepts that Montessori materials present and work my way to demonstrate these exact concepts using resources found in nature.
On a gorgeous sunny day, we took a trip to a local park to do sensorial explorations using hands and learn more about touch. It was a great way to extend preschooler’s vocabulary knowledge and experience textures using natural materials.
Here is what we did:
Scavenger Nature Hunt – Touch with printable
Learn about contrasts like rough and smooth, cold and warm, heavy and light
Played “Mystery Bag” game using objects from nature
I made a nature scavenger hunt printable to help with this task. You are very welcome to download printable by subscribing to our list below!
The conversation took us in all sorts of directions trying to come up with adjectives to describe objects – talking about temperatures, weight, etc. One of the Montessori materials that teaches to differentiate between rough and smooth surfaces are called Rough and Smooth Touch Boards. You can check out this video created by My Works Montessori for more details on that:
We used a smooth leaf and rough surface of a concrete wall to do similar presentation and lesson. Also learning to be gentle with plants was another valuable lesson my student learnt when talking about “touch”.
“Mystery Bag” is a wonderful tool to boost problem-solving skills and communication. Truly, there is no need to get fancy, simple fabric bag works just fine for that. We have one that makes it easy for children to slide their hand through holes on the sides and put the bag around their neck. With mystery bag, children practise describing objects and come up with different adjectives to talk about the item while trying to guess what it is.
This outdoor Montessori exploration experience gave us a great start for talking about senses. The hearing, sight, and smell – next lesson’s agenda. I think we will leave “taste” for later as a fun treat and play different games tasting various food.